1. A: Hello, xxx! Every city has its own distiguished features, then how to compare two different cities?
B: Hello, xxx! Yes, we can compare two cities from many different aspacts.
A: Like what?
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B: Like their famous places of interests, different customes and their building styles etc..
A: Great! You also inspired me that we can compare two cities from their delicous food.
B: Thats right! Resently there is a famous documentary about Chinese food called A Bite of China.
A: Yes, it not only tells the food part of the city but also tells the culture of that city.
B: How about compare two cities from the history part?
A: Thats also a good idea! We can see the foundation and the development of a city and know why they have formed into the recent style.
B: All right!
A:Hi, Bill. How are you?
B: Hi, Chill. Im fine thank you.And you?
A: Im fine.Thank you. Where are you going?
B: Were going to cinema. Oh, Hes Mike. My schoolmate.
C: Nice to meet you.
A: Im Chill.Nice to meet you.
B: where are you going to?
A: Will. I have to go to library. I have no time to go to cinema like you. Its a pity.
B: Im sorry to hear that. But I hope you will have time to see film afer the exem.
C:Oh.Its a pity. But after the exem of enterance of university you will get more time to do what you like.
A: I hope so. Bye.
B:See you, Good luck!
C: Bye .
(Anita, Kevin, Ken, Jason, Steven, and Rita are all Tunghai University students. They are good friends. One day, Ken and Jason meet on the way to the classroom.)
Ken: Why are you late? And, you just missed the last class. The teacher gave us the main topics for the mid-term examination.
Jason: Oh, shoot! I just missed it. Would you lend me your notes so I can make a copy?
Ken: Sure if you give me a good reason why you missed the class. You promised me that you would be in class on time today.
Jason: Believe me, I would like to keep my word. The problem is that I have the Business Management test today and I was up studying for it till three oclock this morning. Then I fell asleep and woke up at ten oclock this morning.
Ken: You studied until three oclock this morning? Why? What did you do yesterday afternoon? I know you were free from four oclock on yesterday.
Jason: Well, I met one of my very old friends on line and we just talked too long
Ken: For Gods sake! Dont you care about next weeks mid-term examination?
(Anita, Steven and Kevin are talking to one another in front of a classroom. And, Anita is trying to prevent Steven and Kevin from cutting the next class.)
Anita: Hey, well have the Business Management class in a few minutes. Where are you going? Dont tell me that you are going to argue with Jason.
Steven: I will do anything for my good friend. Of course I am going to argue with the guy who gave my good friend a hard time.
Anita: You always like to get involved in someone elses business. Youll get yourself in trouble. Dont you know it?
Kevin: Anita, dont be upset with him. He will not listen to you. Just leave him alone. By the way, I am still waiting for your decision. Are you coming with me to the concert tomorrow?
Anita: Oh, I am sorry that I almost forgot it. What time tomorrow?
Kevin: Two oclock. I cannot wait to see my adorable superstar Jolin. Oh, how wonderful!
Anita: wait a minute. We have Calculus class tomorrow afternoon. Are you out of your mind?
Kevin: Well, Im not. Yet I think we can just copy the notes from someone else.
Anita: No, this is a very important class. And you would never understand it without listening to the lecture.
Kevin: To me it makes no difference. Even if I were in the class I would never understand what the teacher is talking about. Besides, who likes to look at the old baldhead?
Todd: So, Shifani, what is your current job?
Shifani: Well, I work as a transport planner for a consultancy, an international consultancy based in New Zealand.
Todd: Okay. So, transport planner - is that like you plan things being transported like across the ocean?
Shifani: No. Youre talking about logistics there. So, no, thats not logistics. Transport planning stems from town planning, town or city planning. If you think about it, a city is a network of buildings and of transport infrastructures.
So youve got your roads, youve got your trains, youve got your buses, and youve got place for your cars. So basically, transport planning involves planning of things that you can use to move people around.
Todd: So, like what specifically do you do? Do you like, you know, design bus routes or -
Shifani: Well, the job is very, very varied. So, I can plan bus routes; thats something I can do. But quite often, it ends up being policy-driven work. What I end up doing is environmental impact assessments, for example.
So, if youve got a new project coming in, if youve got a new shopping center, for example, Id look at what impact it would have on the environment, in terms of traffic, in terms of what options people have to get to the shopping center, and if there is a possibility to reduce car use, how could that be implemented.
Todd: So, what are some ways that you can reduce car use?
Shifani: Well, there are quite a few different ways. First would be to influence peoples behavior, so change their mental attitude towards transport.
If you can make it easy for them to walk and to cycle to a given destination, theyll choose to do so. Second is to hike up petrol prices, which is something that the government controls, obviously.
The other thing you could do is make parking of cars very difficult at common public places. If finding a car park is difficult, people are more likely to catch public transport, or just to walk or cycle.
The other thing is to promote the benefits of taking public transport and of walking and cycling. Benefits, such as health benefits, I mean, there are benefits from walking because its healthier. And then, there are benefits of not driving, which means youre not emitting pollution into the air, so overall, a win-win situation if you dont drive.
Todd: Can you give us some tangible results where this has actually happened?
Shifani: Absolutely. A project I recently worked on was on a shopping center in Auckland. Its quite a big shopping center in the east of Auckland, and there is not good public transport around.
So, there are not that many buses, theres no train station there, a lot of car parking. So, the owners of the shopping center wanted to influence people and make them catch the bus, the little that was available.
So, they hired our consultancy, and I worked on some of the reports for them. And we basically looked at simple things that we could do to promote walking and cycling, first off, and then buses.
So, the first thing we did was we organized a fun run on a Sunday, where people from the local vicinity were invited. So, when people walked to the shopping center on that Sunday, they realized they could actually walk it. It was quite simple.
And a lot of these people had never, ever attempted to walk. So we ended up getting a ten percent increase in the people who traveled by walking or cycling, per se.
So, what we had was people realizing, -Oh, you know what? I can walk there. But because theyd never done it before, it was something they just didnt want to attempt.
Todd: So basically, your job is to reduce cars.
Shifani: If you want to sum it up that way, yes. But I think if you flip it over and say promote the use of public transport, walking and cycling, thats what my aim is.